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Monday, 17 May 2021 00:00

Genetics, Diet, and Gout

Gout is a type of arthritis that is caused by a buildup of uric acid in the bloodstream. Uric acid can crystallize in the joints, creating a sudden and painful gout flareup. Typically, gout affects the joints in the feet and toes. Gout is believed to be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Several genes that are responsible for transporting and managing the urate levels in the body have been identified and may play a role in gout. If you have a family history of gout, you may be more likely to get gout yourself. Eating a diet high in purines - a substance found in red meat, seafood, dried beans, and sugary beverages - can elevate your risk of gout and make a flare up more likely. Gout also appears to be more common in older individuals, and particularly in post-menopausal women. If you have gout, it is suggested that you see a podiatrist for treatment.

Gout is a foot condition that requires certain treatment and care. If you are seeking treatment, contact the podiatrists from The Foot & Ankle Centre of New Jersey. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What Is Gout?

Gout is a type of arthritis caused by a buildup of uric acid in the bloodstream. It often develops in the foot, especially the big toe area, although it can manifest in other parts of the body as well. Gout can make walking and standing very painful and is especially common in diabetics and the obese.

People typically get gout because of a poor diet. Genetic predisposition is also a factor. The children of parents who have had gout frequently have a chance of developing it themselves.

Gout can easily be identified by redness and inflammation of the big toe and the surrounding areas of the foot. Other symptoms include extreme fatigue, joint pain, and running high fevers. Sometimes corticosteroid drugs can be prescribed to treat gout, but the best way to combat this disease is to get more exercise and eat a better diet.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Paramus, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Gout
Monday, 10 May 2021 00:00

How Exactly Do Blisters Form?

When friction from a shoe or sock rubbing against your skin causes the epidermis (top) layer and dermis (underlying) layer of skin to move in opposite directions, the skin becomes irritated, red, and inflamed. Continued friction will cause the epidermis and dermis to separate and fill with fluid or blood, and a blister is formed. Pain from a blister is caused when nerves are stimulated by the fluid. You can help stop blisters from occurring by wearing shoes that fit properly and don’t allow your feet to slip around or rub against them. New shoes or boots should be worn in properly and gradually—before wearing them all day. If you are planning a long walk or hike, you can try taping areas on the foot that are prone to blisters such as the back of the heel, the big toe and the little toe. A podiatrist can show you how to tape your feet properly and also create custom orthotics designed specifically to keep your feet from developing blisters. They can even suggest appropriate footwear for walking and running.

Blisters are prone to making everyday activities extremely uncomfortable. If your feet are hurting, contact the podiatrists of The Foot & Ankle Centre of New Jersey. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Foot Blisters

Foot blisters develop as a result of constantly wearing tight or ill-fitting footwear. This happens due to the constant rubbing from the shoe, which can often lead to pain.

What Are Foot Blisters?

A foot blister is a small fluid-filled pocket that forms on the upper-most layer of the skin. Blisters are filled with clear fluid and can lead to blood drainage or pus if the area becomes infected.

How Do Blisters Form?

Blisters on the feet are often the result of constant friction of skin and material, usually by shoe rubbing. Walking in sandals, boots, or shoes that don’t fit properly for long periods of time can result in a blister. Having consistent foot moisture and humidity can easily lead to blister formation.

Prevention & Treatment

It is important to properly care for the affected area in order to prevent infection and ease the pain. Do not lance the blister and use a Band-Aid to provide pain relief. Also, be sure to keep your feet dry and wear proper fitting shoes. If you see blood or pus in a blister, seek assistance from a podiatrist.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Paramus, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Blisters

Foot wounds are sores, cuts, or scrapes that can appear on the feet. If you have systemic conditions such as diabetes, peripheral neuropathy, or poor circulation, these wounds may heal slowly and poorly, resulting in potentially serious complications, from infection to amputation. If you notice a wound on your foot, you should protect the wound from bacteria immediately. Wash the wound thoroughly with clean water, then apply an antibiotic ointment. Cover the wound with a bandage, as leaving the wound open to air might allow bacteria to multiply on and infect the wound. Change the bandage and repeat this process every one to two days. Keep pressure off the wound by resting the affected foot. Your doctor may also suggest wearing specialized shoes or socks to offload pressure. If you have a foot wound, it is suggested that you seek the care of a podiatrist as soon as possible. 

Wound care is an important part in dealing with diabetes. If you have diabetes and a foot wound or would like more information about wound care for diabetics, consult with the podiatrists from The Foot & Ankle Centre of New Jersey. Our doctors will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

What Is Wound Care?

Wound care is the practice of taking proper care of a wound. This can range from the smallest to the largest of wounds. While everyone can benefit from proper wound care, it is much more important for diabetics. Diabetics often suffer from poor blood circulation which causes wounds to heal much slower than they would in a non-diabetic. 

What Is the Importance of Wound Care?

While it may not seem apparent with small ulcers on the foot, for diabetics, any size ulcer can become infected. Diabetics often also suffer from neuropathy, or nerve loss. This means they might not even feel when they have an ulcer on their foot. If the wound becomes severely infected, amputation may be necessary. Therefore, it is of the upmost importance to properly care for any and all foot wounds.

How to Care for Wounds

The best way to care for foot wounds is to prevent them. For diabetics, this means daily inspections of the feet for any signs of abnormalities or ulcers. It is also recommended to see a podiatrist several times a year for a foot inspection. If you do have an ulcer, run the wound under water to clear dirt from the wound; then apply antibiotic ointment to the wound and cover with a bandage. Bandages should be changed daily and keeping pressure off the wound is smart. It is advised to see a podiatrist, who can keep an eye on it.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Paramus, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Wound Care
Monday, 26 April 2021 00:00

Two Places a Heel Spur Can Develop

A heel spur can be a painful foot condition, and may develop as a result of enduring an injury, wearing shoes that do not fit correctly, or possibly from excess friction. Research has indicated there are two places heel spurs can form. When they develop at the back of the heel, Achilles tendonitis may contribute to this. This may occur from wearing shoes that are tight, or from having tight calf muscles. Plantar fasciitis or abnormal foot structure may be responsible for heel spurs to develop underneath the heel. Many patients have found mild relief when proper stretches are performed on the affected heel, and shoe inserts may need to be worn. If you have a heel spur, it is strongly suggested that you are under the care of a podiatrist who can effectively treat this condition.

Heel spurs can be incredibly painful and sometimes may make you unable to participate in physical activities. To get medical care for your heel spurs, contact the podiatrists from The Foot & Ankle Centre of New Jersey. Our doctors will do everything possible to treat your condition.

Heels Spurs

Heel spurs are formed by calcium deposits on the back of the foot where the heel is. This can also be caused by small fragments of bone breaking off one section of the foot, attaching onto the back of the foot. Heel spurs can also be bone growth on the back of the foot and may grow in the direction of the arch of the foot.

Older individuals usually suffer from heel spurs and pain sometimes intensifies with age. One of the main condition's spurs are related to is plantar fasciitis.

Pain

The pain associated with spurs is often because of weight placed on the feet. When someone is walking, their entire weight is concentrated on the feet. Bone spurs then have the tendency to affect other bones and tissues around the foot. As the pain continues, the feet will become tender and sensitive over time.

Treatments

There are many ways to treat heel spurs. If one is suffering from heel spurs in conjunction with pain, there are several methods for healing. Medication, surgery, and herbal care are some options.

If you have any questions feel free to contact our office located in Paramus, NJ . We offer the latest in diagnostic and treatment technology to meet your needs.

Read more about Heel Spurs
Monday, 19 April 2021 00:00

How to Protect the Feet When Running

Running is excellent exercise but can be hard on your feet and ankles, especially if you are new to the sport and do not come prepared. When running, it is very important to wear the right shoes. Running shoes should fit comfortably and support the foot. Stretching your feet prior to and following a run is also suggested, as simple foot stretches can strengthen the feet, improve their flexibility and mobility, and prevent many common overuse injuries. When you begin to run, start with shorter, less intense runs and increase the length, intensity, and duration of your runs slowly over time to avoid overexertion. If you experience a foot or ankle injury, cease running for the time being and see a podiatrist who can help get you back on your feet. 

Exercising your feet regularly with the proper foot wear is a great way to prevent injuries. If you have any concerns about your feet, contact the podiatrists of The Foot & Ankle Centre of New Jersey. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

How to Prevent Running Injuries

Many common running injuries are caused by overuse and overtraining. When the back of the kneecap starts wearing out and starts causing pain in your knee, this is commonly referred to as runner’s knee. Runner’s knee is a decrease in strength in your quadriceps and can occur if you’re not wearing properly fitted or supporting shoes. To prevent runner’s knee, focusing on hip strengthening is a good idea, as well as strengthening your quads to keep the kneecaps aligned.

What Are Some Causes of Running Injuries?
- One cause of a common running injury is called iliotibial band syndrome.
- Plantar fasciitis is also another common injury.
- Stress fractures can occur from overtraining, lack of calcium, or even your running style.

Best Ways to Prevent Running Injuries
- Wear footwear that fits properly and suits your running needs.
- Running shoes are the only protective gear that runners have to safeguard them from injury.
- Make a training schedule. Adding strengthening exercises as well as regular stretching can help keep you strong and limber and can lessen the possibility of injuries.
- Stretching keeps muscles limber; this will help you gain better flexibility.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Paramus, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Preventing Running Injuries
Friday, 16 April 2021 00:00

Heel Pain Can Be Treated!

Do you suffer from heel pain when you get up in the morning? If so, you should seek the professional help of your podiatrist and have a proper diagnosis performed. Heel pain can be caused by several different foot-related conditions.

Monday, 12 April 2021 00:00

Why Are My Toes Red?

Red discoloration of the toes can be alarming and may require medical treatment depending on the underlying cause of the redness. Chilblains, red or purple marks that appear on the toes and other parts of the body following exposure to cold weather, can be itchy and uncomfortable, and may turn into ulcers or blisters over time. A bunion, which is a bony bump that can form at the base of the big toe, can cause redness, swelling, stiffness, and pain in the affected toe. Certain infections of the toenail and surrounding skin may cause redness as well. Discoloration and bruising are also a common sign of a broken toe. If you have noticed redness in one or more of your toes, please consult with a podiatrist. 

 

A broken toe can be very painful and lead to complications if not properly fixed. If you have any concerns about your feet, contact the podiatrists from The Foot & Ankle Centre of New Jersey. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What to Know About a Broken Toe

Although most people try to avoid foot trauma such as banging, stubbing, or dropping heavy objects on their feet, the unfortunate fact is that it is a common occurrence. Given the fact that toes are positioned in front of the feet, they typically sustain the brunt of such trauma. When trauma occurs to a toe, the result can be a painful break (fracture).

Symptoms of a Broken Toe

  • Throbbing pain
  • Swelling
  • Bruising on the skin and toenail
  • The inability to move the toe
  • Toe appears crooked or disfigured
  • Tingling or numbness in the toe

Generally, it is best to stay off of the injured toe with the affected foot elevated.

Severe toe fractures may be treated with a splint, cast, and in some cases, minor surgery. Due to its position and the pressure it endures with daily activity, future complications can occur if the big toe is not properly treated.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Paramus, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about What to Know About a Broken Toe
Monday, 05 April 2021 00:00

What Can Cause Flat Feet?

majority of babies are born with flat feet, and their arch generally develops as the aging process occurs. However, in some cases, the foot remains flat. The medical term for this condition is known as pes planus, and approximately one in ten children have flat feet throughout adulthood. Flat feet may form in adulthood as a result of being overweight, or possibly from a bone misalignment. Additionally, wearing shoes that do not fit correctly may lead to getting flat feet. If you are afflicted with flat feet, it is strongly suggested that you are under the care of a podiatrist who is able to help you to choose shoes that are correct for you.

Flatfoot is a condition many people suffer from. If you have flat feet, contact the podiatrists from The Foot & Ankle Centre of New Jersey. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What Are Flat Feet?

Flatfoot is a condition in which the arch of the foot is depressed and the sole of the foot is almost completely in contact with the ground. About 20-30% of the population generally has flat feet because their arches never formed during growth.

Conditions & Problems:

Having flat feet makes it difficult to run or walk because of the stress placed on the ankles.

Alignment – The general alignment of your legs can be disrupted, because the ankles move inward which can cause major discomfort.

Knees – If you have complications with your knees, flat feet can be a contributor to arthritis in that area.  

Symptoms

  • Pain around the heel or arch area
  • Trouble standing on the tip toe
  • Swelling around the inside of the ankle
  • Flat look to one or both feet
  • Having your shoes feel uneven when worn

Treatment

If you are experiencing pain and stress on the foot you may weaken the posterior tibial tendon, which runs around the inside of the ankle. 

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Paramus, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Flat Feet

Circulatory foot problems can cause pain, swelling, and mobility issues. Left untreated, poor circulation can lead to potentially life-threatening health complications. While circulatory issues are troublesome for anyone, poor circulation is particularly dangerous for senior citizens, who are more susceptible to developing it because of various deterioration to the body due to aging, as well as obesity, diabetes, and inactivity. If you or a senior citizen you love has cold, swollen, discolored, heavy, numb, or painful feet, or engorged or varicose veins, consult with a podiatrist right away. Prompt and proper medical attention can help manage poor circulation and slow or prevent the development of more serious conditions.

If you need your feet checked, contact the podiatrists of The Foot & Ankle Centre of New Jersey. Our doctors will attend to all of your foot and ankle needs and provide you with quality treatment.

Geriatrics and Podiatry
When people age, some common issues that may occur are bone density loss, dry skin, poor circulation, and rough brittle nails. These issues may also affect your foot health if the necessary steps are not taken to alleviate the problems.

It is important to take care of your feet because feet that are injured or diseased can affect your overall health. Having painful feet hinders your ability to do daily activities or may decrease your willingness to do the things that you need to do.

Visiting Your Geriatrician
As we age, health problems become more likely, so it is essential to visit your doctor for check-ups to ensure that you are doing the best you can to take care of your health. It is recommended to check your feet frequently for any possible cuts, bruises, swelling, corns or any other irregularities. 

Taking Care of Elderly Feet
Cracked or dry feet can be treated by applying moisturizer often. It is also important not to wear old socks because the older the sock is, the higher the possibility there will be that there is bacteria there. Wear fresh socks and make sure they fit properly.

Proper foot health means that you can have a more active lifestyle and you will not be bogged down by pain. Foot health also leads to good circulation, which is paramount for overall health.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Paramus, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Geriatrics and Podiatry
Wednesday, 17 March 2021 00:00

Reminder: When Was the Last Time...?

Custom orthotics, or shoe inserts, should be periodically replaced. Orthotics must fit properly to give you the best results. Protect your feet and ankles!

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