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Monday, 11 January 2021 00:00

Caring for Diabetic Foot Ulcers

Diabetic foot wounds (DFUs) are slow-healing wounds that are often found on the feet of diabetics. If these wounds are left untreated, they could progress and become infected, potentially leading to tissue death and limb loss. In caring for the wound, the two main goals are getting the wound to close and preventing the wound from recurring. The wound will usually need to be cleaned using an antimicrobial or antibacterial solution to help prevent infection. Sometimes debridement, a process that removes dead, damaged, or infected tissue in and around a chronic wound, may be necessary to promote healing. It is also important to take pressure off of the wound through a process called offloading. You may be required to use crutches, wear custom insoles, or use specialized pads and dressings over the wound to relieve pressure on it. For more information about caring for DFUs, please consult with a podiatrist.

Wound care is an important part in dealing with diabetes. If you have diabetes and a foot wound or would like more information about wound care for diabetics, consult with the podiatrists from The Foot & Ankle Centre of New Jersey. Our doctors will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

What Is Wound Care?

Wound care is the practice of taking proper care of a wound. This can range from the smallest to the largest of wounds. While everyone can benefit from proper wound care, it is much more important for diabetics. Diabetics often suffer from poor blood circulation which causes wounds to heal much slower than they would in a non-diabetic. 

What Is the Importance of Wound Care?

While it may not seem apparent with small ulcers on the foot, for diabetics, any size ulcer can become infected. Diabetics often also suffer from neuropathy, or nerve loss. This means they might not even feel when they have an ulcer on their foot. If the wound becomes severely infected, amputation may be necessary. Therefore, it is of the upmost importance to properly care for any and all foot wounds.

How to Care for Wounds

The best way to care for foot wounds is to prevent them. For diabetics, this means daily inspections of the feet for any signs of abnormalities or ulcers. It is also recommended to see a podiatrist several times a year for a foot inspection. If you do have an ulcer, run the wound under water to clear dirt from the wound; then apply antibiotic ointment to the wound and cover with a bandage. Bandages should be changed daily and keeping pressure off the wound is smart. It is advised to see a podiatrist, who can keep an eye on it.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Paramus, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Wound Care
Wednesday, 06 January 2021 00:00

Toe Curls to Strengthen the Feet

Doing toe curls is a great exercise to strengthen the feet. This exercise can stretch and flex the foot to improve your balance, support your arches, and increase your overall foot strength. Toe curls can also help reduce or prevent the pain from foot injuries, such as plantar fasciitis. To do this exercise, sit in a chair, lay a towel on the floor in front of you, and place your foot flat on top of the towel. Keeping your heel still and planted on the towel, lift up your toes and use them to scrunch the towel towards you. Repeat this movement five times on each foot. For more information about this and other exercises for your feet, consult with a podiatrist today. 

Exercising your feet regularly with the proper foot wear is a great way to prevent injuries and build strength. If you have any concerns about your feet, contact the podiatrists from The Foot & Ankle Centre of New Jersey. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Exercise for Your Feet

Exercise for your feet can help you gain strength, mobility and flexibility in your feet. They say that strengthening your feet can be just as rewarding as strengthening another part of the body. Your feet are very important, and we often forget about them in our daily tasks. But it is because of our feet that are we able to get going and do what we need to. For those of us fortunate enough to not have any foot problems, it is an important gesture to take care of them to ensure good health in the long run.

Some foot health exercises can include ankle pumps, tip-toeing, toe rises, lifting off the floor doing reps and sets, and flexing the toes. It is best to speak with Our doctors to determine an appropriate regimen for your needs. Everyone’s needs and bodies are different, and the activities required to maintain strength in the feet vary from individual to individual. 

Once you get into a routine of doing regular exercise, you may notice a difference in your feet and how strong they may become.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Paramus, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Exercise for Your Feet
Monday, 28 December 2020 00:00

Measuring Children’s Feet

It is beneficial for children who have not begun walking yet to crawl while barefoot. As your child gets older, it is important to have their feet measured. This can be helpful in determining what size shoes your child should wear. The basic rules for choosing the correct shoes include ensuring that there is adequate room for the toes to move freely in, and for the shoes to be made with breathable materials. Many children are born with flat feet, and certain foot ailments may develop over time. It is suggested that you schedule a consultation with a podiatrist who can properly assess any foot conditions that may be present.

The health of a child’s feet is vital to their overall well-being. If you have any questions regarding foot health, contact the podiatrists of The Foot & Ankle Centre of New Jersey. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Tips for Keeping Children's Feet Healthy

  • Make sure their shoes fit properly
  • Look for any signs of in-toeing or out-toeing
  • Check to see if they have Clubfoot (condition that affects your child’s foot and ankle, twisting the heel and toes inward) which is one of the most common nonmajor birth defects.
  • Lightly cover your baby’s feet (Tight covers may keep your baby from moving their feet freely, and could prevent normal development)
  • Allow your toddler to go shoeless (Shoes can be restricting for a young child’s foot)
  • Cut toenails straight across to avoid ingrown toenails
  • Keep your child’s foot clean and dry
  • Cover cuts and scrapes. Wash any scratches with soap and water and cover them with a bandage until they’ve healed.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Paramus, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about How to Care for Your Child's Feet
Monday, 21 December 2020 00:00

Understanding the Causes of Gout

Gout is a type of arthritis that occurs due to a buildup of uric acid, which is a waste product usually found in the blood. This uric acid can build up because the kidneys do not excrete it fast enough, or because too much is made. The excess uric acid can then crystallize in the joints and lead to inflammation. While gout usually affects the big toe, it can affect any other joint in the body as well. Severe pain or swelling in the joints, redness of the skin around the joint, and limited movement of the joint can all be indicators of gout. Reducing alcohol intake, losing weight, having a balanced diet, and drinking enough water can reduce the risk of developing gout. If you believe that you are suffering from gout, consult with a podiatrist for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Gout is a painful condition that can be treated. If you are seeking treatment, contact the podiatrists from The Foot & Ankle Centre of New Jersey. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What Is Gout?

Gout is a form of arthritis that is characterized by sudden, severe attacks of pain, redness, and tenderness in the joints. The condition usually affects the joint at the base of the big toe. A gout attack can occur at any random time, such as the middle of the night while you are asleep.

Symptoms

  • Intense Joint Pain - Usually around the large joint of your big toe, and it most severe within the first four to twelve hours
  • Lingering Discomfort - Joint discomfort may last from a few days to a few weeks
  • Inflammation and Redness -Affected joints may become swollen, tender, warm and red
  • Limited Range of Motion - May experience a decrease in joint mobility

Risk Factors

  • Genetics - If family members have gout, you’re more likely to have it
  • Medications - Diuretic medications can raise uric acid levels
  • Gender/Age - Gout is more common in men until the age of 60. It is believed that estrogen protects women until that point
  • Diet - Eating red meat and shellfish increases your risk
  • Alcohol - Having more than two alcoholic drinks per day increases your risk
  • Obesity - Obese people are at a higher risk for gout

Prior to visiting your podiatrist to receive treatment for gout, there are a few things you should do beforehand. If you have gout you should write down your symptoms--including when they started and how often you experience them, important medical information you may have, and any questions you may have. Writing down these three things will help your podiatrist in assessing your specific situation so that he or she may provide the best route of treatment for you.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Paramus, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Everything You Need to Know About Gout
Monday, 14 December 2020 00:00

Mild Relief of Ankle Sprains

An ankle sprain is a common cause of ankle pain. It generally occurs as a result of turning or rolling the ankle beyond its normal range of motion. This can happen from stepping off of a curb unexpectedly, which may cause the ligaments of the ankle to become overstretched or torn. The grades of ankle sprains can vary and each grade plays a role in the length of recovery time. Relief may be found when simple stretches are performed, and this may accelerate the process of healing the ankle joints. Additionally, it may help to strengthen the muscles surrounding the affected area in order to help avoid re-injury. Other ways to find relief may include manual therapy or staying off of the affected ankle as often as possible. If you are experiencing any type of ankle pain it is strongly suggested that you confer with a podiatrist who can determine what the best course of treatment is for you.

Ankle sprains are common but need immediate attention. If you need your feet checked, contact the podiatrists from The Foot & Ankle Centre of New Jersey. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

How Does an Ankle Sprain Occur?

Ankle sprains take place when the ligaments in your ankle are torn or stretched beyond their limits. There are multiple ways that the ankle can become injured, including twisting or rolling over onto your ankle, putting undue stress on it, or causing trauma to the ankle itself.

What Are the Symptoms?

  • Mild to moderate bruising
  • Limited mobility
  • Swelling
  • Discoloration of the skin (depending on severity)

Preventing a Sprain

  • Wearing appropriate shoes for the occasion
  • Stretching before exercises and sports
  • Knowing your limits

Treatment of a Sprain

Treatment of a sprain depends on the severity.  Many times, people are told to rest and remain off their feet completely, while others are given an air cast. If the sprain is very severe, surgery may be required.

If you have suffered an ankle sprain previously, you may want to consider additional support such as a brace and regular exercises to strengthen the ankle.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Paramus, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Ankle Sprains

The feet are the foundation of the body, and pregnancy can cause specific foot conditions to occur. This may be a result of additional weight gain and possible changes in the shape of the feet. Fluid build-up, which is referred to as edema, can be caused by hormonal changes, and may be reduced by carefully monitoring your sodium intake. The feet may change size, and it is beneficial to regularly have your feet measured. When purchasing shoes, it is helpful to buy a pair that have adequate cushioning. It is also suggested that you avoid wearing high heels. When specific foot stretches are routinely performed, existing pain may be reduced. If you are pregnant and would like additional information about proper foot care during pregnancy, it is recommended that you consult with a podiatrist. 

Pregnant women with swollen feet can be treated with a variety of different methods that are readily available. For more information about other cures for swollen feet during pregnancy, consult with the podiatrists from The Foot & Ankle Centre of New Jersey. Our doctors will attend to all of your foot and ankle needs.

What Foot Problems Can Arise During Pregnancy?

One problem that can occur is overpronation, which occurs when the arch of the foot flattens and tends to roll inward.  This can cause pain and discomfort in your heels while you’re walking or even just standing up, trying to support your baby.  

Another problem is edema, or swelling in the extremities. This often affects the feet during pregnancy but tends to occur in the later stages. 

How Can I Keep My Feet Healthy During Pregnancy?

  • Wearing orthotics can provide extra support for the feet and help distribute weight evenly
  • Minimize the amount of time spent walking barefoot
  • Wear shoes with good arch support
  • Wear shoes that allow for good circulation to the feet
  • Elevate feet if you experience swelling
  • Massage your feet
  • Get regular, light exercise, such as walking, to promote blood circulation to the feet

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Paramus, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Foot Care for Pregnant Women

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disorder that causes the body’s immune system to attack the lining of the joints. This leads to joint pain, as well as weakened tendons and ligaments. RA often affects the joints of the feet and ankles, especially in the early stages of the disease. Symptoms of this condition include painful, swollen, and stiff joints. Over time, RA can also change the position of joints, leading to misalignment and a decrease in joint function and range of motion. The earlier RA is detected and diagnosed, the earlier treatment can begin. Early treatment can prevent RA symptoms from worsening. If you have RA and experience foot and ankle symptoms, it is suggested that you are under the care of a podiatrist, who can help you manage this condition and stay on your feet. 

Because RA affects more than just your joints, including the joints in your feet and ankles, it is important to seek early diagnosis from your podiatrist if you feel like the pain in your feet might be caused by RA. For more information, contact the podiatrists of The Foot & Ankle Centre of New Jersey. Our doctors will assist you with all of your podiatric concerns.

What Is Rheumatoid Arthritis?

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disorder in which the body’s own immune system attacks the membranes surrounding the joints. Inflammation of the lining and eventually the destruction of the joint’s cartilage and bone occur, causing severe pain and immobility.

Rheumatoid Arthritis of the Feet

Although RA usually attacks multiple bones and joints throughout the entire body, almost 90 percent of cases result in pain in the foot or ankle area.

Symptoms

  • Swelling and pain in the feet
  • Stiffness in the feet
  • Pain on the ball or sole of feet
  • Joint shift and deformation

Diagnosis

Quick diagnosis of RA in the feet is important so that the podiatrist can treat the area effectively. Your doctor will ask you about your medical history, occupation, and lifestyle to determine the origin of the condition. Rheumatoid Factor tests help to determine if someone is affected by the disease.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Paramus, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Rheumatoid Arthritis in the Feet
Monday, 23 November 2020 00:00

The Difference Between Corns and Calluses

Corns and calluses occur due to friction or pressure on the feet. While calluses are usually asymptomatic and cover a broader area of skin, corns are deeper, more focused and more painful. Corns are usually pea-sized, have a plug, and extend deep into the surface of the skin. Calluses tend to stay closer to the surface, without a plug. Treatment options for both include manual removal, cushioning the affected area, and adjusting biomechanics, such as changing your shoes. Patients who frequently have issues with corns and calluses should consult with a podiatrist for proper preventative measures and various treatment options.

If you have any concerns regarding your feet and ankles, contact the podiatrists of The Foot & Ankle Centre of New Jersey. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Corns: What Are They? and How Do You Get Rid of Them?
Corns can be described as areas of the skin that have thickened to the point of becoming painful or irritating. They are often layers and layers of the skin that have become dry and rough, and are normally smaller than calluses.

Ways to Prevent Corns
There are many ways to get rid of painful corns such as wearing:

  • Well-fitting socks
  • Comfortable shoes that are not tight around your foot
  • Shoes that offer support

Treating Corns
Treatment of corns involves removing the dead skin that has built up in the specific area of the foot. Consult with Our doctors to determine the best treatment option for your case of corns.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Paramus, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Understanding Corns and Calluses
Monday, 16 November 2020 00:00

What Causes a Lisfranc Injury?

The Lisfranc joint complex is composed of the five metatarsal bones, plus the tendons and ligaments that form the arch at the top of the foot. When the ligaments or tendons become sprained or the metatarsal bones get fractured, a Lisfranc injury occurs. The injury most commonly occurs when the foot is twisted while falling. These situations are common in sports such as football, when the foot is stepped on, twisted while pointing, or stepped on while facing down. Signs of a Lisfranc injury include swelling, tenderness, and pain at the top of the foot, and bruising may be present on the bottom of the foot as well. If you believe you are suffering from a Lisfranc injury, a podiatrist will need to examine the foot and possibly take X-rays in order to give a proper diagnosis. Common treatment methods include immobilization, ice and elevation, therapy, and in severe cases, surgery may be necessary. 

Sports related foot and ankle injuries require proper treatment before players can go back to their regular routines. For more information, contact the podiatrists of The Foot & Ankle Centre of New Jersey. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Sports Related Foot and Ankle Injuries

Foot and ankle injuries are a common occurrence when it comes to athletes of any sport. While many athletes dismiss the initial aches and pains, the truth is that ignoring potential foot and ankle injuries can lead to serious problems. As athletes continue to place pressure and strain the area further, a mild injury can turn into something as serious as a rupture and may lead to a permanent disability. There are many factors that contribute to sports related foot and ankle injuries, which include failure to warm up properly, not providing support or wearing bad footwear. Common injuries and conditions athletes face, including:

  • Plantar Fasciitis
  • Plantar Fasciosis
  • Achilles Tendinitis
  • Achilles Tendon Rupture
  • Ankle Sprains

Sports related injuries are commonly treated using the RICE method. This includes rest, applying ice to the injured area, compression and elevating the ankle. More serious sprains and injuries may require surgery, which could include arthroscopic and reconstructive surgery. Rehabilitation and therapy may also be required in order to get any recovering athlete to become fully functional again. Any unusual aches and pains an athlete sustains must be evaluated by a licensed, reputable medical professional.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Paramus, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Sports Related Foot and Ankle Injuries
Monday, 09 November 2020 00:00

Stretches May Help Heel Spurs

A small growth in the heel bone is often referred to as a heel spur. These are bony protrusions that may cause severe pain and discomfort, and can be associated with foot conditions such as plantar fasciitis and Achilles tendon injuries. Some patients find it beneficial to perform specific stretches and exercises that may diminish a portion of the discomfort. An effective stretch consists of raising up on the toes while placing a tennis ball between the ankles, and gently squeezing. Additionally, it may help to roll a tennis ball on the sole of the foot while seated. Mild relief may be found when correct shoes are worn, and it is suggested to refrain from wearing high heels or flip flops. If you have heel pain, it is suggested that you consult with a podiatrist who can properly diagnose and treat heel spurs.

Heel spurs can be incredibly painful and sometimes may make you unable to participate in physical activities. To get medical care for your heel spurs, contact the podiatrists from The Foot & Ankle Centre of New Jersey. Our doctors will do everything possible to treat your condition.

Heels Spurs

Heel spurs are formed by calcium deposits on the back of the foot where the heel is. This can also be caused by small fragments of bone breaking off one section of the foot, attaching onto the back of the foot. Heel spurs can also be bone growth on the back of the foot and may grow in the direction of the arch of the foot.

Older individuals usually suffer from heel spurs and pain sometimes intensifies with age. One of the main condition's spurs are related to is plantar fasciitis.

Pain

The pain associated with spurs is often because of weight placed on the feet. When someone is walking, their entire weight is concentrated on the feet. Bone spurs then have the tendency to affect other bones and tissues around the foot. As the pain continues, the feet will become tender and sensitive over time.

Treatments

There are many ways to treat heel spurs. If one is suffering from heel spurs in conjunction with pain, there are several methods for healing. Medication, surgery, and herbal care are some options.

If you have any questions feel free to contact our office located in Paramus, NJ . We offer the latest in diagnostic and treatment technology to meet your needs.

Read more about How to Treat Heel Spurs
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