An enlargement of bone at the base of the large toe that often is painful. Bunions usually are inherited, but can be aggravated by ill-fitting or high-heeled shoes. They are a structural deformity that requires surgery to correct, involving the repositioning of the bone as well as the removal of the bump and realignment of structures around the large toe joint.


A rigid contracture of a toe whereby it doesn’t lie flat and becomes painful from rubbing against shoes. Surgery usually is needed to straighten out the toe.

Practice Principles

  • Listen to our patients and take the time needed to understand their concerns and make them feel comfortable
  • Explain treatment options and provide recommendations that consider patients’ podiatric and lifestyle needs
  • Engender trust among our patients and their families, referring physicians and the community at large
  • Keep abreast of new podiatric research and advancements to continually provide the best footcare to our patients
  • Provide a clean and welcoming office environment