An enlargement of bone at the base of the large toe that often is painful. Bunions usually are inherited, but can be aggravated by ill-fitting or high-heeled shoes. They are a structural deformity that requires surgery to correct, involving the repositioning of the bone as well as the removal of the bump and realignment of structures around the large toe joint.
A rigid contracture of a toe whereby it doesn’t lie flat and becomes painful from rubbing against shoes. Surgery usually is needed to straighten out the toe.