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Monday, 06 April 2020 00:00

Hammertoe is a common foot condition among people worldwide, and it is considered to be a deformity. It occurs as a result of shortened tendons in the joints of the middle toe. These are tissues that link the bone to the muscle, and may cause the affected toe to bend at the joint, and resemble a hammer. There are several reasons why this condition may occur. These can include genetic factors, or from wearing shoes that do not have adequate room for the toes to move freely in. Additionally, there may be existing medical conditions that can consist of high arches, or certain types of arthritis which can precede the onset of hammertoe. It may help to change the type of shoes that are worn, and many patients choose to have surgery performed that can permanently straighten the toe. If you have developed hammertoe, it is strongly suggested that you are under the care of a podiatrist who can properly treat this ailment.

Hammertoes can be a painful condition to live with. For more information, contact the podiatrists of The Foot & Ankle Centre of New Jersey. Our doctors will answer any of your foot- and ankle-related questions.

Hammertoe

Hammertoe is a foot deformity that occurs due to an imbalance in the muscles, tendons, or ligaments that normally hold the toe straight. It can be caused by the type of shoes you wear, your foot structure, trauma, and certain disease processes.

Symptoms

  • Painful and/or difficult toe movement
  • Swelling
  • Joint stiffness
  • Calluses/Corns
  • Physical deformity

Risk Factors

  • Age – The risk of hammertoe increases with age
  • Sex – Women are more likely to have hammertoe compared to men
  • Toe Length – You are more likely to develop hammertoe if your second toe is longer than your big toe
  • Certain Diseases – Arthritis and diabetes may make you more likely to develop hammertoe

Treatment

If you have hammertoe, you should change into a more comfortable shoe that provides enough room for your toes. Exercises such as picking up marbles may strengthen and stretch your toe muscles. Nevertheless, it is important to seek assistance from a podiatrist in order to determine the severity of your hammertoe and see which treatment option will work best for you.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Paramus, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Hammertoe
Monday, 30 March 2020 00:00

When fungal toenail infections develop, they are generally not serious, however they may take several months to treat. Toenail fungus begins on the outer edges of the nail, and can gradually spread to the middle of the nail if treatment does not promptly begin. Common symptoms may include a yellowing and thickening of the affected nail, and it may become brittle. The type of fungus that causes this infection typically lives and thrives in warm and moist environments, and can be found in public pools, shower room floors, and surrounding areas. It's suggested to wear appropriate shoes while in these types of places, in addition to wearing clean shoes and socks. If you notice toenail fungus developing, it's suggested that you consult with a podiatrist who can expertly treat this condition.

If left untreated, toenail fungus may spread to other toenails, skin, or even fingernails. If you suspect you have toenail fungus it is important to seek treatment right away. For more information about treatment, contact the podiatrists of The Foot & Ankle Centre of New Jersey. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Symptoms

  • Warped or oddly shaped nails
  • Yellowish nails
  • Loose/separated nail
  • Buildup of bits and pieces of nail fragments under the nail
  • Brittle, broken, thickened nail

Treatment

If self-care strategies and over-the-counter medications does not help your fungus, your podiatrist may give you a prescription drug instead. Even if you find relief from your toenail fungus symptoms, you may experience a repeat infection in the future.

Prevention

In order to prevent getting toenail fungus in the future, you should always make sure to wash your feet with soap and water. After washing, it is important to dry your feet thoroughly especially in between the toes. When trimming your toenails, be sure to trim straight across instead of in a rounded shape. It is crucial not to cover up discolored nails with nail polish because that will prevent your nail from being able to “breathe”.

In some cases, surgical procedure may be needed to remove the toenail fungus. Consult with your podiatrist about the best treatment options for your case of toenail fungus.  

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Paramus, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

 

Read more about Treating Toenail Fungus
Monday, 23 March 2020 00:00

A bunion is considered to be a bone disorder that can gradually get worse. It appears as a bony protrusion on the side of the big toe, and larger shoes may need to be worn that can accommodate the growing bunion. It generally develops as a result of genetic factors, or from wearing shoes that do not have adequate room for the toes to move freely in. Additionally, existing medical conditions including flat feet and specific types of arthritis, may contribute to the development of a bunion. In severe cases, calluses may form on top of the bunion, and friction may cause this to happen. Some of the symptoms that are associated with this condition may include a numbing or burning sensation, and it may be difficult to move the affected toe. If you have signs of a bunion, it is suggested that you consult with a podiatrist who can guide you toward the correct treatment options.

If you are suffering from bunions, contact the podiatrists of The Foot & Ankle Centre of New Jersey. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.

Why Do Bunions Form?

Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary

Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions

How Are Bunions Diagnosed?

Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.

How Are Bunions Treated?

  • Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
  • Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
  • Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
  • Orthotics or foot inserts
  • Surgery

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Paramus, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Bunions
Friday, 20 March 2020 00:00

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